Historical Football Kits

 

Eminent Victorians (Southern England)

forest fc 1863It is no coincidence that Association Football developed strongly in southern England. It is here that the sons of the upper classes were educated and where education pioneers conceived of vigorous, even brutal, sporting endeavour as an essential ingredient in the building of character essential to the administration of empire and military command. Football was, in its formative years, the pursuit of gentlemen players who played the game under the unique rules of their public schools.

When these young men went up to Oxford and Cambridge intent on continuing their interest the resulting confusion over the rules led to the first attempt to draw up a unified code at Cambridge University in 1848. The formation of the Football Association in 1863 created what were intended as universal rules. On 19 December 1863 Barnes played Richmond in the first match ever to be played under the new FA Rules. The club provided the FA with their first three secretaries. While teams in the south adopted the FA Rules, in the midlands and north the older Sheffield Rules continued to be observed until 1877.

Army sides are evident in these early years and reflected the social divisions of the period. The famous Royal Engineers were a team of officers and gentlemen whereas the Royal Artillery, formed 20-odd years later, was made up from the ranks, trained by NCOs and led by an officer. In addition there were Volunteer Rifle regiments made up of part-time citizen soldiers.

There were no registration rules so players could represent several teams with interesting consequences when the FA Cup was introduced. For example, Harrow Chequers scratched from their tie with the Wanderers in November 1871 because most of their players had been picked for the Wanderers' team. (Indeed the Chequers entered the FA Cup twice more and scratched on each occasion. Their record as the Old Harrovians is rather more distinguished.)

Southern teams dominated the FA Cup until the early 1880s when working class teams from Lancashire, who subverted the amateur rules of the time, soon dominated the game. Professionalism was recognised by the FA in 1885 but it took years for this new reality to penetrate the amateur ethos of the southern clubs. When Royal Arsenal turned professional in 1891 they were expelled from the London FA and their attempts to form a professional league fell on stony ground.

Sources: Peter Ferrette, Charles Alcock's Football Annuals 1868-1891 researched by Robin Horton, Lost Teams of the South (Mike Bradbury 2019), The Straw Plaiters, FA Minute Book 1864 (extract from The Football Association 1863-83: A Source Book) submitted by Robin Horton, Bedfordshire FA Minute Book 1895-96 submitted by Brian Webb.

Southern England | The Midlands | Northern England | Scotland | Wales | Overview

1859-1878
1st surrey rifles

1st Surrey Rifles

1873
1874-1881
105th light infantry 1877

105th Light Infantry

1877
Unknown
2nd scots guards football team 1891

2nd Scots Guards

1891
c1886-??
acorn fc 1889

Acorn

1889
1873-1879
acton fc 1876

Acton

1876
1873-??
albert fc 1875

Albert

1875
c1880-??
albion fc 1885

Albion

1885
1825-
aldenham school

Aldenham School

1870
1862-
all saints school 1877

All Saints School

1877
1866-??
Amateur Athletic 1873

Amateur Athletic

1873
Unknown
amersham hall 1890

Amersham Hall

1890
1883-2011
andover fc 1886

Andover

1886
1885-Present
apsley fc 1899

Apsley

1899
1870-Present
ardingley college 1875

Ardingley College

1875
c1881-??
argus fc 1883

Argus

1883
1886-1894
Argyle 1893

Argyle

1893
1862-Unknown
barnes fc 1864

Barnes

1864
1862-Unknown
Barnes fc 1872

Barnes

1872
1880-Present
beccles caxton fc 1888

Beccles Caxton

1888
1880-??
beccles college fc 1888

Beccles College

1888
1887-1969
beckenham fc 1888

Beckenham

1888
1884-1891
bedford fc 1891

Bedford

1891
Unknown
Bedford Queens 1895

Bedford Queens

1895
??-1896 See Bedford Town
Bedford Rovers 1895

Bedford Rovers

1895
1890-c1900
Bedford Town 1895

Bedford Town

1895
c1868-??
bedouins fc 1869

Bedouins

1869
Unknown
berkhamsted fc 1899

Berkhamsted

1899
1884-Present
bexley fc 1885

Bexley

1885
1874-Present
biggleswade 1876

Biggleswade

1876
c1879-??
birkbeck fc 1885

Birkbeck

1885
1874-Present
bishops stortford fc 1876

Bishop's Stortford

1876
1858-Present*
blackheath fc 1863

Blackheath

1863
1858-Present*
Blackheath 1863

Blackheath Proprietry School

1868
1888-Present
bournemouth dean park 1891

Bournemouth

1891
1875-88 See Bournemouth
bournemouth rovers 1885

Bournemouth Rovers

1885
Unknown
bradfield college 1882

Bradfield College

1882
1878-1898
braintree fc 1880

Braintree

1886
c1874-??
breamore green 1875

Breamore Green

1875
c1877-c1897
brentwood fc 1879

Brentwood

1878
c1865-Present
brentwood school 1878

Brentwood School

1878
c1886-??
bridgewater st john's fc 1887

Bridgwater St John's

1887
c1885-??
brighton athletic 1887

Brighton Athletic

1887
c1853-Present
brighton college 1875

Brighton College

1875
c1880-??
brighton hornets 1884

Brighton Hornets

1884
c1867-??
brixton fc 1869

Brixton

1869
c1884-??
brixton rangers 1885

Brixton Rangers

1885
c1872-
brondesbury fc 1872

Brondesbury

1872
Unknown
bungay chaucer press 1888

Bungay, Chaucer Press

1888
Unknown
bury grammar school 1874

Bury Grammar School

1874
1872-Present
bury st edmunds fc 1886

Bury St Edmunds

1886
1856-Present
cambridge university fc 1873

Cambridge University

1873
c1878-??
carrow fc 1885

Carrow

1885
1883-1939
the casuals 1883

The Casuals

1883
Unknown
chamois fc 1889

Chamois

1889
c1881-??
champion hill fc 1884

Champion Hill

1884
1862-Present
charterhouse school 1862

Charterhouse School

1862
1862-Present
charterhouse school 1885

Charterhouse School

1885
1882-Present
chatham fc 1887

Chatham

1887
Unknown
Chatham Excelsior fc 1890

Chatham Excelsior

1890
c1881-??
chatham victoria fc

Chatham Victoria

1888
1878-Present
chelmsford fc 1885

Chelmsford

1885
1879
chesham fc 1883

Chesham

1883
1887-1917
chesham generals 1887

Chesham Generals

1887
1887-Unknown
chiswick park fc 1892

Chiswick Park

1892
c1881-??
city ramblers fc 1894

City Ramblers

1882
c1886-??
civil engineers fc 1889

Civil Engineers

1889
1862-Present
Civil Service fc 1873

Civil Service

1873
1862-Present
Civil Service fc 1893

Civil Service

1893
Unknown
clapham comon club 1868

Clapham Common Club

1868
1869-1911
Clapham Rovers 1880

Clapham Rovers

1873
1877-Present
clapton fc 1878

Clapton

1878
1877-Present
clapton fc 1894

Clapton

1894
c1876-??
clarence fc 1879

Clarence

1879
c1884
clatford rovers 1887

Clatford Rovers

1887
1880-Present
clevedon 1889

Clevedon

1889
1878-Present
coggleshall fc 1880

Coggleshall

1880
1873-1937
colchester town fc 1877

Colchester Town

1877
c1884-??
condors fc 1886

Condors

1886
1882-1939
Corinthian fc 1882

Corinthians

1882
1860-Present
Cray Wanderers fc 1860

Cray Wanderers

1860
Unknown
cricklewood fc 1876

Cricklewood

1876
1883-Present
crouh end fc 1892

Crouch End

1892
1897-1917
croydon common fc 1898

Croydon Common

1898
1863-1892
crusaders fc 1864

Crusaders

1864
1861-1876
Crystal Palace fc 1871

Crystal Palace

1871
c1878-??
dalston rovers 1883

Dalston Rovers

1883
c1876-??
downs fc 1880

Downs

1880
c1875-??
dreadnought fc 1879

Dreadnought

1879
c1884-??
dulwich fc 1884

Dulwich

1884
1893-Present
dulwich hamlet fc 1896

Dulwich Hamlet

1896
c1879-??
eagle fc 1885

Eagle

1885
c1870-??
ealing alegro 1872

Ealing Allegro

1872
c1875-??
east sheen fc 1878

East Sheen

1878
1881-Present
eastbourne fc 1892

Eastbourne

1890
1869*-??
eaton rovers 1889

Eaton Rovers

1889
c1883-??
eltham fc 1884

Eltham

1884
??-Present
emmanuel college cambridge 1896

Emmanuel College Cambridge

1896
c1883
emmanuel school 1886

Emmanuel School

1886
c1884-??
Enfield 1886

Enfield

1886
c1876-??
excelsior westminster 1880

Excelsior Westminster

1880
c1876-??
excelsior westminster 1883

Excelsior Westminster

1883
c1872
farningham 1873

Farningham

1873
Unknown
felstead school 1880

Felsted School

1880
1874-1991
finchley fc 1877

Finchley

1877
1874-1991
finchley fc 1879

Finchley

1879
c1884-??
Folkestone 1891

Folkestone

1891
1859-1864
Forest fc 1859

Forest

1859
Unknown
forest school fc 1873

Forest School

1864
1869-??
Forrest fc 1872

Forrest

1872
c1881-??
foxes 1885

Foxes

1885
Unknown
framlingham college 1889

Framlingham College

1889
1863-c1878
Gitanos fc 1873

Gitanos

1873
c1876-??
grange park 1884

Grange Park

1884
c1882-??
granta fc 1882

Granta

1882
1870-Present
great marlow fc 1873

Great Marlow

1873
c1874-??
gresham fc 1876

Gresham

1876
c1877-??
grey friars fc 1877

Grey Friars

1877
c1884-??
grosvenor 1888

Grosvenor

1888
c1869-??
grove house 1879

Grove House

1879
c1884-??
grove institute 1884

Grove Institute

1884
Unknown
Hackney Black Rovers c1875

Hackney Black Rovers

c1875
1882-Present
hadley fc 1885

Hadley

1885
1885-Present
hailsham fc 1889

Hailsham

1889
1868-1872
hampstead heathens 1871

Hampstead Heathens

1871
1875-Present
hanover united fc 1880

Hanover United

1880
1865-1891
harrow chequers fc 1873

Harrow Chequers

1873
C 1875-??
harwich fc 1876

Harwich

1876
c1875-??
hawks fc 1877

Hawks

1877
c1876-??
hendon fc 1876

Hendon

1876
1871-Present
henley fc 1880

Henley

1880
c1876-??
hermits fc 1877

Hermits

1877
c1873-??
hertford town 1876

Hertford Town

1876
1865-1898
hertfordshire rangers 1865

Hertfordshire Rangers

1865
1865-1898
hertfordshire rangers 1873

Hertfordshire Rangers

1873
1865-1898
hertfordshire rangers 1876

Hertfordshire Rangers

1876
1880-Present
heybridge fc 1881

Heybridge

1881
c1871-??
high wycombe fc 1877

High Wycombe

1877
c1887-??
highgate association 1888

Highgate Association

1888
c1879-Present
highgate school 1885

Highgate School

1885
c1871-??
hillside 1874

Hillside

1874
1865-1915
hitchin fc 1869

Hitchin

1869
1865-1915
Hitchin fc 1873

Hitchin

1873
1879-Present
hoddesdon fc 1884

Hoddesdon

1884
c1864-??
holt fc 18

Holt

1873
1878-1896
Hotspur fc 1879

Hotspur

1879
c1884-??
hounslow fc 1885

Hounslow

1885
1886-Present
hungerford fc 1890

Hungerford

1890
1881-1979
ilford fc 1881

Ilford

1881
c1888-??
ipswich garrison 1889

Ipswich Garrison

1889
Unknown
ipswich orwell works fc 1888

Ipswich Orwell Works

1888
c1885-??
ipswich rangers 1888

Ipswich Rangers

1888
Unknown
ipswich school 1888

Ipswich School

1888
c1877-??
ivanhow fc 1885

Ivanhoe

1885
c1878-??
junior hanover athletic 1880

Junior Hanover Athletic

1880
c1878-Present
keble college oxford 1879

Keble College Oxford

1879
c1888-??
kennington wanderers 1890

Kennington Wanderers

1890
c1876-??
kidlington fc 1876

Kidlington

1876
c1876-??
kidlington & bicester fc

Kidlington & Bicester

1877
c1877-??
kildare fc 1879

Kildare

1879
1881-2009
kings lynn fc 1882

Kings Lynn

1882
c1866-Present
kings school rochester 1868

King's School Rochester

1872
1875-Present
kington fc 1879

Kington

1879
c1871-Present
lancing college 1873

Lancing College

1873
c1876-??
langley united fc 1880

Langley United

1880
1866-1873*
lausanne 1870

Lausanne

1870
Unknown
leighton 1895

Leighton Cee Spring

1895
c1880-1884 see Dulwich
Lennox 1883

Lennox

1883
c1878-??
leominster fc 1879

Leominster

1879
c1876-Present
leys school 1882

Leys School

1882
1868-c1898
Leyton fc 1873

Leyton

1873
1885-1939
london caledonians 1885

London Caledonians

1894
1879-Present
london hospital 1889

London Hospital

1889
1879-??
Luton Excelsior 1894

Luton Excelsior

1894
1880-??
luton wanderers 1884

Luton Wanderers

1884
c1883-??
lyndhurst fc 1885

Lyndhurst

1885
1870-Present
maidenhead fc 1876

Maidenhead

1876
c1878-??
maldon fc 1879

Maldon

1879
c1879-??
malvern fc 1880

Malvern

1880
1865-Present
Malvern College 1900

Malvern College

1900
??-1896
mannamead school 1890

Mannamead School

1890
1871-Present
marlborough fc 1873

Marlborough

1872
1870-Present
Marlow fc 1894

Marlow

1894
c1876-??
mars fc 1876

Mars

1876
c1886-??
martlets fc 1888

Martlets

1888
c1873
merriott 1875

Merriott

1875
1876-c1913
minerva fc 1877

Minerva

1877
1876-c1913
minerva 1891

Minerva

1891
c1881-??
morton rangers 1881

Morton Rangers

1881
c1872-1884 See Dulwich
mosquitoes fc 1876

Mosquitoes

1876
c1873-??
newbury & speenhamland

Newbury & Speenhamland

1874
1877-Present
newmarket fc 1888

Newmarket

1888
c1863-??
no names fc 1863

No Names

1863
1879-Present
north walsham fc 1885

North Walsham

1885
c1868-1874*
norwich fc 1873

Norwich

1871
c1888-??
norwich ceyms 1890

Norwich CEYMS

1890
c1882-??
norwood united 1885

Norwood United

1885
c1882-??
old bloxhamists 1884

Old Bloxhamists

1884
c1884-??
Old Borlasians 1886

Old Borlasians

1886
1880-1914
old brightonians fc 1881

Old Brightonians

1881
1880-1914
old brightonians c1890

Old Brightonians

1895
1876-Present
Old Carthusians 1894

Old Carthusians

1881
1892-1895
old castle swifts 1892

Old Castle Swifts

1892
1886-1916*
Old Cranleighans 1889

Old Cranleighans

1889
1871-Present
Old Etonians 1875

Old Etonians

1875
1871-Present
Old Etonians fc 1882

Old Etonians

1882
1864-Present
old foresters fc 1879

Old Foresters

1879
1877-Present
old leysians 1885

Old Leysians

1885
c1885-??
old st mark's 1886

Old St Mark's

1886
1880-1915
old st stephens 1880

Old St Stephens

1880
1880-Present
Old Westminsters 1883

Old Westminsters

1883
1876-Present
old wykehamists 1876

Old Wykehamists

1876
c1879-??
Olympian 1883

Olympian

1883
c1870-??
Olympic 1878

Olympic

1878
c1880-??
Olympic Rangers 1882

Olympic Rangers

1882
Unknown
Oxford County School 1883

Oxford County School

1883
1876-1896
Oxford Military College 1889

Oxford Military College

1889
1871-Present
oxford university fc 1874

Oxford University

1874
c1873-??
panthers fc 1877

Panthers

1877
Unknown
peterhouse college cambridge 1886

Peterhouse Cambridge

1886
c1879-??
Phoenix 1886

Phoenix

1886
c1870-c1885
Pilgrims fc 1873

Pilgrims

1873
1875-Present
polytechnic fc 1893

Polytechnic

1889
c1872-??
Prairie Rangers 1874

Prairie Rangers

1874
c1882-??
Primrose 1884

Primrose

1884
c1873-??
Putney Association 1974

Putney Association

1874
Unknown
Putney Ramblers 1886

Putney Ramblers

1886
??-Present
Queens' College Cambridge 1900

Queens' College Cambridge

1900
Unknown
Queen's School 1880

Queen's School

1880
c1880-??
Radicals 1884

Radicals

1884
??-Present
radley college 1874

Radley College

1882
c1874-??
ramblers fc 1876

Ramblers

1876
c1876-??
Rangers (London) 1880

Rangers (London)

1880
c1869-1874*
Rangers (Swindon) 1870

Rangers (Swindon)

1870
c1875-??
reading abey fc 1880

Reading St Lawrence

1880
c1873-??
reading hornets fc 1876

Reading Hornets

1876
c1865-1868
Reigate 1865

Reigate

1865
1870-Present
Reigate Priory 1872

Reigate Priory

1872
1870-Present
Reigate Priory fc 1871

Reigate Priory

1892
c1881
Remington 1885

Remington

1885
1879-Present
Ringwood Hornets 1882

Ringwood Hornets

1882
1868-??
rochester fc 1873

Rochester

1869
1876-1911
romford fc 1877

Romford

1877
1894-1901
Royal Artillery fc 1894

Royal Artillery

1894
1863-Present
Royal Engineers 1872

Royal Engineers

1872
c1865-69* 1882-1939
Royal Military Academy 1868

Royal Military Academy

1868
c1865-69* 1882-1939
Royal Military Academy 1887

Royal Military Academy

1887
Unknown
Royal Military College 1887

Royal Military College

1887
1875-Present
Royston 1876

Royston

1876
1877-1905
runnymede fc 1877

Runnymede Rovers

1877
1872-
saffron walden fc 1876

Saffron Walden

1876
c1874-??
saxons fc (Brixton) 1876

Saxons

1876
c1887-1910
Schorne College 1890

Schorne College

1890
c1881-Present
Sevenoaks Grammar School 1882

Sevenoaks Grammar School

1882
??-1874*
sherborne school 1872

Sherborne School

1872
c1880-??
South Eastern College 1888

South Eastern College

1888
c1870-c1880
south norwood fc 1873

South Norwood

1873
c1867-??
South Park 1868

South Park

1868
1878-1891
south reading fc 1888-89

South Reading

1888
1871-Present
southall fc 1873

Southall

1873
c1876-
southill park fc 1880

Southill Park

1880
1880-1899
at Albans fc 1880

St Albans

1880
1880-1899
st albans fc 1895

St Albans

1895
c1869-??
sta albans pilgrims fc 1873

St Albans Pilgrims

1872
1879-1995
St Bartholomew's Hospital 1882

St Bartholomew's Hospital

1882
Unknown
St George's College 1877

St George's College

1877
c1863-1870*
St George's Hospital 1868

St George's Hospital

1868
1876-??
st james fc 1877

St James

1877
c1886-??
St John's Bridgwater 1888

St John's Bridgewater

1888
c1858-Present
St John's College Hurst 1874

St John's College Hurst

1874
c1871-Present
St John's College Oxford 1877

St John's College Oxford

1877
??-Present
St John's School 1886

St John's School

1886
c1881-??
St Judes 1883

St Jude's

1883
??-1926
St Mark's College 1884

St Mark's College

1884
c1875-??
st martins fc 1876

St Martin's

1876
c1883-??
St Martins Athletics 1886

St Martin's Athletics

1886
c1877-??
st peters institute fc 1880

St Peter's Institute

1880
1879-?? See Acton
st stephens Westminster

St Stephen's Westminster

1889
1883-Present
Stowmarket 1888

Stowmarket

1888
c1882-??
Streatham 1889

Streatham

1889
1885-1999
Sudbury Town 1888

Sudbury Town

1888
Unknown
suffold wednesday 1881

Suffolk Wednesday

1881
c1881-??
Surbiton Wanderers 1884

Surbiton Wanderers

1884
c1875
Sutton 1875

Sutton

1875
c1876-??
Sutton School 1880

Sutton School

1880
c1868-1890
swifts fc 1873

Swifts

1873
c1868-1890
swifts fc 1877

Swifts

1877
c1870-??
Sydenham 1870

Sydenham

1870
c1882-??
Thorpe 1884

Thorpe

1884
c1885-??
Tonbridge 1889

Tonbridge

1889
c1886-??
Tottenham College 1888

Tottenham College

1888
c1869-??
trojans 1873

Trojans

1873
1886-Present
Tunbridge Wells 1890

Tunbridge Wells

1890
Unknown
union fc (highbury) 1876

Union

1876
c1883-??
United London Scottish 1884

United London Scottish

1884
c1875
unity fc 1877

Unity

1877
c1881-??
Upper Tooting 1887

Upper Tooting

1887
1866-1887
Upton Park fc 1866

Upton Park

1866
1871-Present
uxbridge fc 1873

Uxbridge

1872
c1881-??
Uxbridge Caxtonian 1887

Uxbridge Caxtonian

1887
c1880-1887 See Uxbridge
Uxbridge Crescent 1886

Uxbridge Crescent

1886
Unknown-Present
vampires fc 1893

Vampires

1893
c1881-??
Victoria 1885

Victoria

1885
c1867-1870*
Walthamstow Club 1868

Walthamstow Club

1867
1864-1887
Wanderers fc 1864

Wanderers

1864
c1878-??
watford united fc 1879

Watford United

1879
c1878-??
Waverley 1885

Waverley

1885
1868-?
west end fc (shepherds bush) 1881

West End

1881
1868-?
wes end fc 1891

West End

1891
c1894-1913
west hampstead fc 1894

West Hampstead

1894
1867-1874* 1886-??
west kent fc 1873

West Kent

1867
1867-1874* 1886-??
west kent fc 1874

West Kent

1886
c1882-??
Westminster 1887

Westminster

1887
c1887-??
Westminster Criterion 1890

Westminster Criterion

1891
??-Present
Westminster School 1883

Westminster School

1883
1886-1939
west norwood fc 1886

West Norwood

1886
c1876-
weybridge fc 1880

Weybridge

1880
c1862-1940
Weymouth College 1890

Weymouth College

1890
Unknown
Weyside fc 1870

Weyside

1870
c1870-1882
windsor home park fc 1877

Windsor Home Park

1877
c1881-1892
Windsor Phoenix Athletic 1887

Windsor Phoenix Athletic

1887
1876-Present
Witham 1883

Witham

1883
c1878-??
Wood Green 1882

Wood Green

1882
1885-Present
Woodbridge 1888

Woodbridge

1888
??-Present
Woodbridge Grammar School 1888

Woodbridge Grammar School

1888
c1880-??
woodford bridge fc 1881

Woodford Bridge

1881
1868-c1877
woodford wells fc 1873

Woodford Wells

1871
c1872-??
woodgrange-1876

Woodgrange

1876
c1883-??
Woodville 1886

Woodville

1886
Unknown
Wymington Star 1895

Wymington Star

1895
 

* Adopted rugby union rules.

Where sufficient information is available from written or photographic sources to create accurate graphics with a high degree of confidence dates are given in BOLD text. All other entries are provisional.